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The Town & the City: Lowell Before The Civil War

"The capital of the poor man" - The History of Public Health in Lowell

“The capital of the poor man” is a series of historical examinations by Brad MacGowan that will be published to the web as they are written. At this time, the first twelve are available here.

The capital of the poor man is his health.
The interest which he receives upon his capital is the wages of each day's labor. . . .
The health of the people is the real foundation upon which the prosperity of the city depends.
James C. Abbott Mayor of Lowell, Massachusetts Jan. 4, 1887

Part 1 - c. 13,000 BC to 1603 AD and 1604 to 1726 AD (Indians and first contact with Europeans)

Part 2 - 1721 to 1822 (East Chelmsford)

Part 3 - 1822 to 1824 (A stranger with smallpox)

Part 4 - 1825 to 1836 (Local government and public health)

Part 5 - 1837 (A smallpox outbreak)

Part 6 - 1837 to 1850 (The health of the operatives controversy)

Part 7 - 1832 to 1861 (Physicians and medicine in early Lowell)

Part 8 - 1849 (A cholera epidemic)

Part 9 - 1871 (A smallpox epidemic)

Part 10 - 1890/1891 (A typhoid epidemic)

Part 11 - 1890 to 1920 (The Golden Era of Bacteriology and the Progressive Era)

Part 12 - 1920 to 1924 (The first years of the Isolation Hospital)

The Introduction through Part 12 are currently in pdf format. Part 9 is a  webpage. Parts 7, 8,  9, and 10 are available as pdfs and webpages.

PDFs of Parts 1 through 12 -

Parts 7, 8,  9, and 10 are also available as webpages -

Board of Health Meeting Minutes 1888 - 1893

 I am in the process of adding minutes from the meetings of the Lowell Board of Health from 1871 to 1900.

They are in three bound volumes:

1871 to 1888

1888 to 1893

1893 to 1900

The years 1888 to 1893 have been added first.

Board of Health Meeting Minutes 1889

BOH 1888-93 p 59
BOH 1888-93 p 60
BOH 1888-93 p 61
BOH 1888-93 p 62
BOH 1888-93 p 63
BOH 1888-93 p 64
BOH 1888-93 p 65
BOH 1888-93 p 66
BOH 1888-93 p 67
BOH 1888-93 p 68
BOH 1888-93 p 69
BOH 1888-93 p 70
BOH 1888-93 p 71
BOH 1888-93 p 72
BOH 1888-93 p 73
BOH 1888-93 p 74
BOH 1888-93 p 75
BOH 1888-93 p 76
BOH 1888-93 p 77
BOH 1888-93 p 78
BOH 1888-93 p 79
BOH 1888-93 p 80
BOH 1888-93 p 81
BOH 1888-93 p 82
BOH 1888-93 p 83
BOH 1888-93 p 84
BOH 1888-93 p 85
BOH 1888-93 p 86
BOH 1888-93 p 87
BOH 1888-93 p 88
BOH 1888-93 p 89
BOH 1888-93 p 90
BOH 1888-93 p 91
BOH 1888-93 p 92
BOH 1888-93 p 93
BOH 1888-93 p 94
BOH 1888-93 p 95
BOH 1888-93 p 96
BOH 1888-93 p 97
BOH 1888-93 p 98
BOH 1888-93 p 99
BOH 1888-93 p 100
BOH 1888-93 p 101
BOH 1888-93 p 102
BOH 1888-93 p 103
BOH 1888-93 p 104
BOH 1888-93 p 105
BOH 1888-93 p 106
BOH 1888-93 p 107
BOH 1888-93 p 108
BOH 1888-93 p 109
BOH 1888-93 p 110
BOH 1888-93 p 111
BOH 1888-93 p 112
BOH 1888-93 p 113
BOH 1888-93 p 114
BOH 1888-93 p 115
BOH 1888-93 p 116
BOH 1888-93 p 117
BOH 1888-93 p 118
BOH 1888-93 p 119
BOH 1888-93 p 120
BOH 1888-93 p 121
BOH 1888-93 p 122
BOH 1888-93 p 123
BOH 1888-93 p 124
BOH 1888-93 p 125
BOH 1888-93 p 126
BOH 1888-93 p 127
BOH 1888-93 p 128
BOH 1888-93 p 129
BOH 1888-93 p 130
BOH 1888-93 p 131
BOH 1888-93 p 132
BOH 1888-93 p 133
BOH 1888-93 p 134
BOH 1888-93 p 135
BOH 1888-93 p 136
BOH 1888-93 p 137
BOH 1888-93 p 138
BOH 1888-93 p 139
BOH 1888-93 p 140
BOH 1888-93 p 141
BOH 1888-93 p 142
BOH 1888-93 p 143
BOH 1888-93 p 144
BOH 1888-93 p 145
BOH 1888-93 p 146
BOH 1888-93 p 147
BOH 1888-93 p 148
BOH 1888-93 p 149
BOH 1888-93 p 150
BOH 1888-93 p 151

Board of Health Meeting Minutes 1890

BOH 1888-93 p 152
BOH 1888-93 p 153
BOH 1888-93 p 154
BOH 1888-93 p 155
BOH 1888-93 p 156
BOH 1888-93 p 157
BOH 1888-93 p 158
BOH 1888-93 p 159
BOH 1888-93 p 160
BOH 1888-93 p 161
BOH 1888-93 p 162
BOH 1888-93 p 163
BOH 1888-93 p 164
BOH 1888-93 p 165
BOH 1888-93 p 166
BOH 1888-93 p 167
BOH 1888-93 p 168
BOH 1888-93 p 169
BOH 1888-93 p 170
BOH 1888-93 p 171
BOH 1888-93 p 172
BOH 1888-93 p 173
BOH 1888-93 p 174
BOH 1888-93 p 175
BOH 1888-93 p 176
BOH 1888-93 p 177
BOH 1888-93 p 178
BOH 1888-93 p 179
BOH 1888-93 p 180
BOH 1888-93 p 181
BOH 1888-93 p 182
BOH 1888-93 p 183
BOH 1888-93 p 184
BOH 1888-93 p 185
BOH 1888-93 p 186
BOH 1888-93 p 187
BOH 1888-93 p 188
BOH 1888-93 p 189
BOH 1888-93 p 190
BOH 1888-93 p 191
BOH 1888-93 p 192
BOH 1888-93 p 193
BOH 1888-93 p 194
BOH 1888-93 p 195
BOH 1888-93 p 196
BOH 1888-93 p 197
BOH 1888-93 p 198
BOH 1888-93 p 199
BOH 1888-93 p 200
BOH 1888-93 p 201
BOH 1888-93 p 202
BOH 1888-93 p 203
BOH 1888-93 p 204
BOH 1888-93 p 205
BOH 1888-93 p 206
BOH 1888-93 p 207
BOH 1888-93 p 208
BOH 1888-93 p 209
BOH 1888-93 p 210
BOH 1888-93 p 211
BOH 1888-93 p 212
BOH 1888-93 p 213
BOH 1888-93 p 214
BOH 1888-93 p 215
BOH 1888-93 p 216
BOH 1888-93 p 217
BOH 1888-93 p 218
BOH 1888-93 p 219
BOH 1888-93 p 220
BOH 1888-93 p 221
BOH 1888-93 p 222
BOH 1888-93 p 223
BOH 1888-93 p 224
BOH 1888-93 p 225 a
BOH 1888-93 p 225
BOH 1888-93 p 226
BOH 1888-93 p 227
BOH 1888-93 p 228
BOH 1888-93 p 229
BOH 1888-93 p 230
BOH 1888-93 p 231
BOH 1888-93 p 232
BOH 1888-93 p 233
BOH 1888-93 p 234
BOH 1888-93 p 235
BOH 1888-93 p 236
BOH 1888-93 p 237
BOH 1888-93 p 238
BOH 1888-93 p 239
BOH 1888-93 p 240
BOH 1888-93 p 241
BOH 1888-93 p 242
BOH 1888-93 p 243