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Untold Lowell Stories : Black History

Sarah L. Clay (1801 – 1878)

Female Textile Workers, 1860s Tintype, UMass Lowell Libraries, Center for Lowell History, Photograph Collection.

Image #2 Sarah P. Remond Lecture Announcement by Sarah Clay, “The Liberator.”


Sarah L. Clay (1801-1878), white, born January 19, 1801, Candia, New Hampshire, daughter of Walter Clay and Sarah Hills. She left the hills of New Hampshire and arrived in Lowell in the early 1830s to work in the Tremont Mills on Suffolk Street.

In 1843, Sarah Clay, along with Eliza Jane Alden, Miss Bennett, Mary Brooks, Elizabeth Doton, Harriet Farley, Catherine Rugg, Direxa Southwick, were among hundreds of women who established the Lowell Female Anti-Slavery Society. The LFAAS Headquarters and the Anti-Slavery Hall opened in Spaulding Row on Central Street opposite Market Street.

Sarah Clay was selected Secretary. During 1850s and 1860s, she had a Dressmaker and Tailor Shop in the Nesmith Block on the corner of Merrimack and John streets. In 1851, Clay became a Life Member of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society. As secretary Clay helped organize Anti-Slavery Fairs in Lowell and Boston to raised money to support the Abolition Movement, she frequently sent announcements, letters, and reports from Lowell to the anti-slavery newspaper “The Liberator,” in Boston, edited by renown abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison.


Held in Lowell, Massachusetts

Letter in “The Liberator,” October 22, 1852

Sarah Clay reported on two anti-slavery discourses: Sarah Clay wished that it was in her power “to send to every town in the State, yes into every State. I know the common people would follow her, and the multitude would flock to hear her – not for “the loaves and fishes,” but for “the gracious words which proceed from her mouth.” Her acceptability seems to have stemmed both from her pleasant and sincere manner and from what another correspondent referred to as her overt appeals to the “religious element” in people’s nature. This individual claimed that some abolitionists believed that “such Christian appeals wholly unnecessary…

“Every body knows slavery is wrong, a great wrong, without going to Christian principles to prove it.”

Yours Truly, Sarah Clay

SARAH P. REMOND (1826-1895)

Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Convention

Held in Welles Block, Lowell Massachusetts

Article in “The Liberator,” November 5, 1858

Sarah Clay reported on the two day Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Convention held in upper hall of the Welles Block on the corner of Merrimack and Kirk streets. Lectures were presented by Parker Pillsbury, and Black Abolitionists Charles Lennox Remond and his sister Sarah Parker Remond. Clay offered high praise for the little known 24 year old, Sarah Parker Remond.

“I do not recollect of having seen, even in “The Liberator,” any particular notice of her as a lecturer, aside from the regular advertisements. She certainly processes a mind of no ordinary culture, and a heart deeply imbued with every high and noble sentiment, seems perfectly familiar with history, especially that relating to human rights, and some of the very best authors of the age are occasionally quoted by her, in most beautiful and illustrative appropriateness. It seemed to me, as I sat and heard her, especially in the evening, that her every sentence must have thrilled each human with an almost envious admiration, and have waked up dormant aspirations which would vibrate through the ages.”

“But it is vain for me to wish her heard in every town in New England, and by much larger audiences than honored her with their presence her, for she informs me that she goes to England in a month. May her journey be prosperous, and her reception most cordial, in that land where she feels that she shall, for the first time in her life, breathe the air of perfect freedom!”

Yours truly, and in much haste, Sarah Clay.

(note: Remond went on to become one of the Abolition Movement’s most effective lecturers.)


Held in Jackson Hall, Merrimack Street, Lowell, Massachusetts

Letter in “The Liberator” March 4, 1862

“Mr. Garrison:

Dear Sir, - I know you will be glad to learn that the Anti-Slavery meeting here, yesterday, addressed by Andrew T. Foss, was a complete and triumphant success over the riotous element that were evidently among us at the commencement of the afternoon meeting, but were very soon allayed by the kind remonstrance of one of the ladies present, and the calm confidence, undaunted manner and powerful voice of Mr. Foss…

“In the evening, some hundreds assembled at an early hour… Four slaves were seated on the platform, and a short appeal was made to the audience, whether any one present would

To the bondage from which the humanity of their masters had rescued them…”

Yours Most Truly, Sarah Clay


“Lowell Daily Courier,” August 27, 1878

“Sarah Clay has always held a prominent rank among the ladies of Lowell in all reform movements. She was a strong and vigilant worker in the antislavery cause to which she gave her life and money while it was needed and all through her well-spent life gave strong proof of her firm adherence to the principles of rectitude and right, rather than to gain fame or applause."

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