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Biomedical Engineering Research Guide

A collection of library and web resources for biomedical engineering classwork and research.

Citations for Biomedical Engineering Research

In academic writing, you need to know about citations and formatting styles.


  • Citations refer to the way you credit resources, like noting the author, title, and page numbers when you quote or paraphrase material. APA (American Psychological Association) and IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) are two different citation styles often used for Biomedical Engineering writing. To learn about these guidelines, visit our APA and IEEE citation guides to learn how to cite with these styles.


  • Formatting refers to the way that elements of a report are arranged, such as font size, typeface, spacing, and margins.

Every course is unique, so check with your professor about which citation style or paper format they prefer before starting your assignment.

We also suggest reaching out to the Writing Center for in-depth advice on citation and formatting.

UML Writing Center

The UMass Lowell Writing Center offers help for all stages of your writing, including citations and formatting. They have locations on both sides of the river:

  • North Campus
    • Cumnock Hall, across University Ave. from Lydon Library
  • South Campus
    • O’Leary Library – 1st floor

Visit the Writing Center website to book a consultation or tutoring session. You’ll need to log in with your UML credentials before you can schedule an appointment.