"What these authors are struggling over is how to get out of the representational straightjacket that social scientists have been in for most of this century." --William G. Tierney, Guest Editor's Introduction, Writing Life's History, Qualitative Inquiry, 1999 [p. 309].
Needed new approaches to answer the questions:
How does research work? How are meanings made? What social purposes might this research serve?
Activist Art -- Feminist Driven
Eisner calls for ART that is social science and social science that is ARTFUL
Eisner organized first Arts-Based Research Institute at Stanford
New journal: Qualitative Inquiry
Narrative approaches are commonplace in qualitative research