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Citation Styles

The ASME website offers templates to authors for formatting submissions. Papers are submitted as PDF's only. The reference list in ASME style primarily uses The Chicago Manual of Style format.

"Confirm that all relevant research references have been included. Provide complete information for all
references, including all author names, title, volume, page numbers, publisher, location and year. Authors are
encouraged to seek out precise instructions via:"

-ASME Guide forJournal Authors


Note that ASME has its' own abbreviation system for journals it publishes. If you are citing an ASME journal do not type out the entire title. 

Guidelines for ASME Citations

The ASME citation style mostly follows the Chicago Manual of Style. In Chicago style, the author-date system is more common in the sciences and social sciences. In this system, sources are briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and year of publication. Each in-text citation matches up with an entry in a reference list, where full bibliographic information is provided.

The info below comes from the ASME general overview of their citation style: 

  • Within the text, references should be cited in numerical order according to their order of appearance. The numbered reference citation within text should be enclosed in brackets.
  • In the case of two citations, the numbers should be separated by a comma [1,2]. In the case of more than two references, the numbers should be separated by a dash [5-7].
  • References should be listed together at the end of the paper; footnotes should not be used for this purpose.
  • References should be arranged in numerical order according to the sequence of citations within the text. Each reference should include the last name of each author followed by initials.

The most notable difference between Chicago style and ASME is the position of the date. In ASME the date follows the author's names.



ASME Style Examples

Cryptids are animals whose existence is disputed.[1] Nessie is one example.[2] Bigfoot is another cryptid.[3]

[1] Hurn, S., ed., 2016, Anthropology and Cryptozoology: Exploring Encounters with Mysterious Creatures, Routledge, New York.

[2] Cray, E., 1959, “Loch Ness Monster,” West. Folk., 18(3), pp. 258–259.

[3] Westrum, R., 1980, “Sasquatch and Scientists: Reporting Scientific Anomalies,” Manlike Monsters on Trial: Early Records and Modern Evidence, M.M. Halpin, and M.M. Ames, eds., University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, BC, pp. 27–36.

Sample Books for Citations


Title: Anthropology and Cryptozoology: Exploring Encounters with Mysterious Creatures

Editor: Samantha Hurn

Publisher: Routledge

Place of Publication: New York

Date of Publication: 2016

Book Section

Chapter Title: Sasquatch and Scientists: Reporting Scientific Anomalies

Chapter Author: Ron Westrum

Book Title: Manlike Monsters on Trial: Early Records and Modern Evidence

Book Editors: Marjorie M. Halpin and Michael M. Ames

Publisher: University of British Columbia Press

Place of Publication: Vancouver, BC

Date of Publication: 1980

Pages: 27-36

Journal Article

Article Title: Loch Ness Monster

Author: Ed Cray

Journal Title: Western Folklore

Volume: 18

Issue: 3

Date: 1959

Pages: 258-259