Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
People need a future in which cities provide opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.
Many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity without straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing, declining infrastructure and rising air pollution within cities.
3.5 billion people- half of humanity- live in cities today. Of that number 883 million people live in slums, most found in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia. Nevertheless, 95 per cent of urban expansion in the next decades will take place in developing world.
The world’s cities occupy just 3 per cent of the Earth’s land, but account for 60-80 per cent of energy consumption and 75 per cent of carbon emissions. Rapid urbanization is exerting pressure on fresh water supplies, sewage, and public health
As of 2016, 90% of urban dwellers have been breathing unsafe air, resulting in 4.2 million deaths due to ambient air pollution. More than half of the global urban population were exposed to air pollution at unsafe levels.
These are the problems Goal 11 addresses.