University of Colorado Denver librarian and researcher Jeffrey Beall, who coined the term "predatory publishing," first published his list of predatory publishers in 2010. After noticing a large number of emails inviting him to submit articles or join the editorial board of previously unknown journals, he began researching open-access publishers and created Beall's List of potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers. In August 2012 he posted his criteria for evaluating publishers, with the second edition posted on December 1 the same year. In February 2013 he added a process for a publisher to appeal its inclusion in the list. The list was removed in January 2017. The archived version is available here.