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ECON.3020: Labor Economics

How to Use Citations and Why

Academic misconduct is an act in which a student:
(a) Seeks to claim credit for the work or efforts of another without authorization or citation;

(b) Uses unauthorized materials or fabricated data in any academic exercise;

(c) Forges or falsifies academic documents or records;

(d) Intentionally impedes or damages the academic work of others;

(e) Engages in conduct aimed at making false representation of a student’s academic performance; or

(f) Assists other students in any of these acts.


Examples of academic misconduct include, but are not limited to:
• cheating on an examination
• collaborating with others in work to be presented, contrary to the stated rules of the course
• submitting a paper or assignment as one’s own work when a part or all of the paper or assignment is the work of another
• submitting a paper or assignment that contains ideas or research of others without appropriately identifying the sources of those ideas
• getting unauthorized access to examinations or course materials
• submitting, without the permission of the current instructor, work previously presented in another course 
• tampering with the laboratory experiment or computer program of another student
• knowingly and intentionally assisting another student in any of the above, including assistance in an arrangement whereby any work, classroom performance, examination or other activity is submitted or performed by a person other than the student under whose name the work is submitted or performed.

- UMass Lowell Academic Integrity Policy

Getting Citations in Ebsco Databases

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Getting Citations from Proquest Databases

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