The purpose of citation is to:
Different subject areas and journals have their own required citation styles. If you are preparing citations for a paper, check with your instructor to be sure you are following the citation style they want.
Without good citation, creators never get credit for their hard work!
These are the elements of all citations at their most basic. Remember, part of the point is to allow readers to find your source themselves. These elements may be formatted and ordered differently, depending on the specific citation style you use. But, the most basic elements are almost always the same.
Author Date Title Source
Maddox, J. T. I. (2020). Challenging the Black Atlantic: The New World Novels of Zapata Olivella and Gonçalves. Bucknell University Press
Depending on the particular style, you may also need to include page numbers, URL or DOI, or the date you accessed the source. The formatting of the authors' name may be different, as well as the placement of punctuation.