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CSE Citation Style

The Reference List

What is the Reference List?

"Reference list" is CSE's generic term for the list of sources at the end of your document. Your list should be given a more formal title: References or Cited References, Literature Cited, or Bibliography. It alphabetically lists and matches the sources cited within the text, including tables and figures.

If you used some documents as sources but did not cite them in your paper, list them alphabetically by author under the heading Additional References.

The Reference List exists to help your reader identify each numbered source quickly and clearly. CSE has standardized the information to be provided for ease and predictability of reading.

How to Format the Reference List

► Authors' first names are rendered as capitals after their surnames.
          Otegui MS, Kiessling LL, Batzli J.

► Only the first word of a book or article title should be capitalized.
           The fat-soluble vitamins: handbook of lipid research 2.

► Titles are not italicized. However, species names are italicized.
            In vitro and in vivo reconstitution of the cadherin-catenin-actin complex from Caenorhabditis elegans.             Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2010 Aug 17;107(33):14591-6.

► To save space, journal titles are abbreviated according to the ISO 4 standard, shortening significant words and omitting insignificant words. Read more and search the List of Title Word Abbreviations at
         Livestock Prod Sci. 
         Biochem Mol Biol Educ. 
         J Dairy Sci.

► Year of publication and volume number are required for all references to articles. Issue number is strongly recommended. To save space, use no spaces to separate an article's date, volume, and page.

         Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2012;50:425-49. 
         Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011 Jul;24(7):773-86.