Initiating research requires extensive preparation, both in thought processes and in logistics. In weeks 3 and 4, you will read about:
Considerations for planning qualitative research
Personal Stance and Positionality
Educational Consultant Mylene Culbreath explains positionality.
Framing the study: Identify the phenomenon
Identifying the "who" or "what" of the study.
The participants are not necessarily the "who" unless the participants are the topic; remember, we are studying a phenomenon.
Developing Research Questions
Nova Southeastern University professor of education Abraham Fishler provides this slideshow to show the process for forming research questions.
Time, Place, Participants
Selecting participants in qualitative research differs from the sort of random sampling researchers may employ in quantitative research. Often, we select participants based on particular qualities or experiences. Protecting participants is as important as selecting participants. In part 3 of a 6 part discussion, Fiona Holland and James Elander from the University of Derby discuss factors involved in choosing participants for a qualitative research project.
Carol Gilligan is the author of the landmark feminist book In A Different Voice (1982). Here, she talks about the starting point for her psychological research, noticing in her class that the psychological theories at the time were not reflecting men's or women's experiences accurately. As she conducted her research in Boston she realized, "It was listening to other women that focused, for me, what was the problem with these theories that weren't representing women or men accurately." One reason her book was so influential was that it demonstrated that existing theories of morality could not be generalized to all men or all women, illuminating the importance of researchers listening to different voices.
If you cannot access the above video, you can watch it here