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Lessons

Twenty-six - Sentences

Sentences 句子   

A sentence - 句子 

  • is a group of words expressing one thought. 一组表达单一想法的单词   
  • begins with a capital letter 以大写字母开始 and ends with a period (.).   
  • must have a subject and a verb.  必须有一个主题和一个动词。   
  • has subject and verb agreement: "I am"; "he is"; "you are". 有主体和动词协议   

At the heart of every English sentence is the Subject-Verb relationship.   每个英文句子的核心是主体 - 动词关系。

Other elements can be added to a sentence, but they are not required.   其他元素可以添加到句子中,但它们不是必需的。

A simple sentence is a sentence with a subject 主語 (句子元素) and a verb 动词.   

一个简单的句子是一个含有主语和动词的句子

A sentence can also have an object   賓語. The object in a sentence is the thing that is acted on by the subject.   

A sentence can also have a prepositional phrase. 介词短语   

 

Watch and listen to these two videos on Youtube - 在Youtube上观看并收听这两个视频   

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=64&v=F03w-vOV-xw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lVy2cz30tc

 

Examples 例子 

Fei Fei

Subject

eats.

Verb

 

Subject

Verb

 

 

Fei Fei

Subject

eats

Verb

dinner.

Object

Subject

Verb

Object

 

   Fei Fei

Subject

eats

Verb

dinner

Object


at 5:00.

Prepositional phrase

Subject

Verb

Object

 

Prepositional phrase
 

 

END OF DAY ONE LESSON   第一课结束

 


DAY TWO LESSON   第二天课 

A sentence - 句子 

  • is a group of words expressing one thought. 一组表达单一想法的单词   
  • begins with a capital letter 以大写字母开始 and ends with a period (.).   
  • must have a subject and a verb.  必须有一个主题和一个动词。   
  • has subject and verb agreement: "I am"; "he is"; "you are". 有主体和动词协议   

Examples -

Sentence

Subject

Verb

Object

Other 

I run

I

run

 

You leave work at 4:45.

You

leave

work

Prepositional phrase: at 4:45

We buy groceries at the supermarket.

We

buy

groceries

Prepositional phrase: at the supermarket

Fei Fei and Brad study English in Massachusetts.

Fei Fei and Brad

study

English

Prepositional phrase: in Massachusetts

 

Watch and listen to these two videos again on Youtube - 再次在Youtube上观看这两个视频   

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=64&v=F03w-vOV-xw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lVy2cz30tc

* * * READ PAGES 23 AND 24 IN THE yellow "Master the Basics" BOOK * * * 

 

END OF DAY TWO LESSON    第二天结束

 

 

DAY THREE LESSON   第三天课

Parts of a sentence    部分句子

At the heart of every English sentence is the Subject-Verb relationship.   每个英文句子的核心是主体 - 动词关系。

Other elements can be added to a sentence, but they are not required.   其他元素可以添加到句子中,但它们不是必需的。

There are five basic patterns around which most English sentences are built.   

 

1.) S-V

Subject-Verb   

John sleeps.
Jill is eating.
Jack will speak.

2.) S-V-O

Subject-Verb-Object    

I like noodles.
She loves her job.
He is eating an orange. 

3.) S-V-Adj

Subject-Verb-Adjective    

He is funny.
The workers are busy.
Karen seems happy.

4.) S-V-Adv

Subject-Verb-Adverb    

Jim is here.
Flowers are everywhere.

5.) S-V-N

Subject-Verb-Noun    

She is my friend.
The women are doctors.
Mr. Jones is the teacher.

 

Watch and listen to these two videos again on Youtube - 再次在Youtube上观看这两个视频   

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=64&v=F03w-vOV-xw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lVy2cz30tc

* * * READ PAGES 23 AND 24 AGAIN IN THE yellow "Master the Basics" BOOK * * *