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Citing Video Sources

When citing film and other media, use the citation form for the format in which you watched the work being cited. In other words, if you watched a film on DVD or VHS cite it as a DVD or VHS (not the film original). If you are citing a trailer for a theatrical movie that you watched on the internet, use the citation format for online resource. If you saw a movie in the theater, use citation format for film.

Your APA citation for a video contains the following elements in this order. 

  • Producer's Last Name, First Initial (Producer) &
  • Director's Last Name, First Initial (Director).
  • (Year).
  • Title [Format: e.g. DVD, VHS, video file, etc.)
  • Country:
  • Studio.
  • Available from URL


Why Media Citations ?

Using citations in an accepted format is a way of respecting the people who made the material available for your use. It also creates credibility for your ideas, since users of your material can see it is built upon a foundation of prior knowledge. The term APA stands for American Psychological Association, which has created one of these formats. Here in one set of easy-to-follow steps is the method for including these citations in a proper format.

For more information about citation styles, visit:

video 2


YouTube video:   

Shimabukuro, J. (2006, April 22). Ukulele weeps. [Video file]. Retrieved from             <>.


Spielberg, S., Royce, I., Gordon, M., & Levinson, G. (Producers), & Spielberg, S. (Director). (2004). Saving Private Ryan [DVD]. United States: Universal.

Online Trailer:  

Lucasfilm, Ltd. "Star Wars Trailer." 05 November 1999. Online video clip. Star Wars Official Site. Accessed on 02 April 2008. <>

e-video from Library database:  

"Django Reinhardt: King of Jazz Guitar." Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2007. Web. 18 Apr. 2014. <>

Citing Audio Sources

To cite a music recording, provide the following information in this order:

  • Composer's Last Name, First Initial.
  • (Year)
  • Composition title.
  • [Recorded by Artist].
  • On Title of Recording.
  • [Format]
  • City:
  • Label.
  • Retrieved from Database Name or URL

Namahoe, C. (1929). Le Nani [Recorded by G. Keawe]. On Hana hou! Vol. 1 [CD]. Honolulu: Hula Records.

Maddeford, L. (2006, January 28). Russian roulette [Audio file]. Retrieved from Music Alley database.

Steve Porter. (1908) Christmas morning at Clancy’s. Victor 16936, 10” LP. Camden: NJ. Retrieved from National Jukebox, Library of Congress (

Still Images

Images, diagrams and artistic works should be cited as you would cite any other type of work.


Images within text are also generally accompanied by a caption that includes copyright information and a statement of permission for use. Please check with your instructor to see if this is necessary in your project.


Your should give as much information as possible about the images you have used, including these basics:

  • Creator's name, (author, artist, photographer)
  • Date the work was publish or create
  • Title of the work, (if applicable)
  • Place of publication
  • Publisher
  • Type of material, (for photographs, charts, online images)
  • Website address and access date
  • Name of the institution or museum where the work is located, (for artworks and museum exhibits)
  • Dimension of the work