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ESOL 6

Common words

Common English words     

These are some of the most commonly used words in English.

Listen to the audio (click on the speaker icon), say the word out loud a few times, then write the word 3 times in your notebook.


 

All   

  • Definition: Everyone in a group.
  • The word used in a sentence: All the children did their homework.

 

And     

  • A word that joins parts of speech together in a sentence.
  • She jumped, jogged and danced in gym class. 

 

Boy     

                  

  • A male child.

 

Book     

  • A text of words that people read.
  • The college student had to read a 500-page book for English class.

 

Call     

  • To yell out or speak loudly; to contact someone by phone. 
  • The girl called her brother on his iPhone.

 

Car     

  • A four-wheeled vehicle; a car is also called an automobile.
  • He drove his car from school to work.

 

Chair     

  • A piece of furniture that can hold one person.          

 

Children (children means more than one child, "child" means just one young person)     

  • Young people who have not yet reached adulthood. Boys and girls are children.
  • The children didn't listen to what their parents told them.

 

City     

  • A place where many people live.
  • New York is the biggest city in the United States.

 

Dog     

  • An animal that many people have as a pet.
     


     

Door     

  • A passageway from which you can enter or exit a room or a building. 
  • Please close the door. It is cold outside. 

 

Enemy     

  • The opposite of a friend. A competitor or rival.  
  • The hero of the story killed his enemy with a sword.

 

End     

  • To finish something or when something is over or completed.
  • They stayed at my house until the end of the movie.

 

Enough (pronounced like “enuff”)     

  • To have the right amount or adequate amount of something. 
  • Most Americans have enough food to eat, but that's not true in other countries. 

 

Eat     

  • To consume food. 
  • The children liked to eat apples and bananas after school. 

 

Friend     

  • The opposite of an enemy. Someone on your side and with whom you enjoy spending time.
  • The girl played with her friend.

 

Father     

  • A male parent.
  • The father picked up his child when she started crying.

 

Go     

  • To travel to and from a location. 
  • We go to school every day.

 

Good     

  • Pleasant or pleasing.
  • My lunch tasted very good.
  • She is a good person.

 

Girl     

  • A female child.
  • Her daughter is a nice girl.


     

 

Food     

  • An edible substance that people, animals and plants eat to live.
  • Did you have enough food at dinner last night..

 

Hear     

  • To listen to something. 
  • I could hear my brother and sister arguing from the other room.

 

House     

  • A building where people, often families, live.
  • My friend lives in the biggest house on the street.

 

Inside     

  • The internal part of something or to be located within something. 
  • The inside of the house was warm and cozy. 

 

Laugh (pronounced like “laff”)     

  • To express that you find something funny or amusing. 
  • The crowd laughed after the comedian made a joke.

 

Listen (pronounced like “lissen”)     

  • To hear something. 
  • We listened to music playing on the radio. 

 

Man     

  • An adult male.

 

Name     

  • The title of a place, book, person, etc. 

 

Never     

  • Not ever.
  • I am never going back to that restaurant. The food was bad and it was expensive.

 

Next     

  • The thing that happens after something else in a sequence. 
  • Let's go to the next question.
  • Are you coming again next Saturday

 

 

New     

  • Something just created, something unused or unopened.
  • I bought a new car, my old one wasn’t working well.

 

Noise     

  • Loud sounds. 
  • There was so much noise at the party, the neighbors called police. 

 

Often     

  • To happen frequently. 
  • My teacher is happy because I often work on my lessons. 

 

Pair      

  • Two things that go together. 
  • I like the new pair of shoes my sister bought me for my birthday.

 

Pick     

  • To choose or select. 
  • I picked the cupcake with vanilla frosting. 

 

Play     

  • To have fun with someone or engage in an activity or sport. 
  • I like to play football with my brother. 

 

Room     

  • A part of a home, building, office or another structure. 
  • The kitchen is the room where we cook our meals.

 

See     

  • To watch or observe something. 
  • I see dark clouds in the sky, which means it might rain soon.

 

Sell     

  • To offer a service or a good for a price.
  • I am going to sell my car because it's time for a new one. 

 

Sit     

  • To rest on a floor, chair or other surface. 
  • The teacher told the children to sit at their desks. 

 

Speak     

  • To say something.
  • I speak English well, and I am improving every day.

 

Smile     

  • To grin or show pleasure using your face.
  • She smiles when she sees her little sister.

 

Sister     

  • The female child in relation to other children of the same parents.
  • My parents took my sister and me to the circus.

 

Think     

  • To contemplate something or have an idea or belief. 
  • I think all pets should have a home. 

 

Then     

  • Something that comes after an event in a sequence. 
  • I opened the refrigerator. Then, I ate some food. 

 

Walk     

  • To travel by foot. 
  • I walk home from school every day.

 

Water     
           

 

Write     

  • To put something on paper with a pen or pencil. To use a computer to type text.
  • I have to write three essays in English class this semester. 

 

Woman     

  • A female adult.
  • That woman is our new neighbor. 

 

Yes     

  • To answer affirmatively. The opposite of "no."
  • The student said "Yes, I'm here,"  when the teacher called her name.