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ESOL 6

Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving

Please click on this link - https://translate.google.com/#en/zh-CN/Thanksgiving​

Please watch and listen to this video. Also read the subtitles. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-BQSOkkoDjc

Thanksgiving Day is the 4th Thursday in November and is a federal holiday. On this day we remember how the Indians helped the Pilgrims by teaching them how to farm and hunt for food. On this day, we give thanks for food, our country, and our families.   

  • Pilgrims were immigrants to the United States who celebrated the first Thanksgiving in the year 1621.
  • Native Americans are indigenous people in the United States. Native Americans celebrated the first Thanksgiving with the Pilgrims. Native Americans are also called American Indians.

Americans eat traditional food for Thanksgiving dinner. The main dish is often turkey. Sometimes Thanksgiving Day is informally called "Turkey Day."   

End of Day One Lesson

 


 

Day Two Lesson

Please watch and listen to this video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uG4XyNqUQxg


A plate of traditional Thanksgiving food

Thanksgiving Dinner Vocabulary

Sharing dinner with family and friends is a major part of the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States. Some popular foods served at Thanksgiving dinner include:

  • turkey – a large bird that is the main course of Thanksgiving dinner


     
  • stuffing – a mixture of seasoned ingredients (usually breadcrumbs or cornmeal) served as a side dish
  • dressing – another word for stuffing
  • cranberries – a tart berry served whole or as a jelly
  • mashed potatoes – cooked potatoes that have been mashed and seasoned
  • gravy – a sauce used on turkey and potatoes
  • sweet potatoes – orange potatoes with a sweet taste 
  • squash – fruits with hard shells and soft, nutritious interior flesh
  • rolls – individually-sized bread
  • corn bread – bread made from corn flour
  • pumpkin pie – a pie made from mashed pumpkin and spices
  • pecan pie – a pie made from pecans and a sweet filling


A slice of pumpkin pie for dessert

End of Day Two Lesson

 


 

Day Three Lesson

Please watch and listen to this video again. Also read the subtitles. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-BQSOkkoDjc

Historical Thanksgiving Vocabulary

Originally a harvest festival, Thanksgiving was first celebrated in the United States by the Pilgrims. Some vocabulary for Thanksgiving include:

  • Pilgrims – immigrants to the United States who celebrated the first Thanksgiving
  • Native Americans – indigenous people in the United States who celebrated the first Thanksgiving with the Pilgrims. Native Americans are also called American Indians.
  • Mayflower – the ship that brought the Pilgrims to the United States
  • Plymouth – the location at which the Pilgrims settled. Plymouth is a town in Massachusetts
  • cornucopia – an ornamental horn filled with fruits and vegetables used to symbolize the plentifulness of Thanksgiving. The cornucopia is also called the "Horn of Plenty."


  •                                         Cornucopia or "Horn of Plenty"
     

Thanksgiving Traditions Vocabulary

In addition to eating a large meal, Thanksgiving day is also a time to spend with family and friends. Vocabulary that describes some activities of Thanksgiving includes:

  • travel – the act of going from one place to another
  • football – a sport played in the Fall
  • Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade – an annual holiday parade held in New York City
  • Black Friday – the day after Thanksgiving on which many people start shopping for Christmas

    End of Day Three Lesson